The peony is the state flower of Indiana and national flower of China.
Peonies are native to China and are regarded as the “king of flowers”
Some peony varieties can grow to be over 10” in diameter (dinner plate peony)
Peony are perennial plants and can bloom for more than 100 years.
Peony blooms from late spring to early summer. Typically, April through June. In Alaska, they bloom July to September.
Peony petals are edible and can be used as a garnish in salads, punches and summer beverages. The petals can be steeped into a delicious tea. Jellies can be made from the petals and yield a sweet berry flavor.
In Victorian times, digging up a peony was believed unlucky, and that fairies would curse you.
The pink flowers are more fragrant than the maroon flowers.
Peonies are traditionally used for celebrating the 12th wedding anniversary.
The peony flower symbolizes elegance, honor, wealth, abundance and good fortune, as well as romance, compassion and a happy marriage.
Peonies grow in colder regions and will not bloom in tropical climates.
Peonies come in every color except blue.
Marco Polo described peony blossoms as “roses as big as cabbages”.
The root, bark, seed and flowers were all believed to have medicinal uses in eastern Asia and Europe. The root of the white peony has been used in Japanese and Chinese medicine as a treatment for convulsions. The blooms were used to treat headaches and asthma.
The Chinese name for the peony is sho yu and this means ``most beautiful``